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Basic Education Community Schools Programme (BECS) is a successor of earlier Non-Formal Basic Education project, Education for allstarted originally in 1995. The present Project “Establishment and Operation of Basic Education Community Schools in the Country” (BECS) project started in 2006 till 2012 with the aim to set up 20000 schools.
Supreme Court on 25th Nov 2011, in its verdict ordered continuation of BECS Project. The operative part of the judgment reads “Thus, for the foregoing reasons, petitions No. 50 and 69 of 2011 are accepted holding that:

(A) The proposed action of part of respondents No. 1 to 4 of closing down ‘Establishment and Operation of Basic Education Community Schools’ is without lawful authority and of no legal effect and is in violation of article 25-A of the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973″.

“We are of the considered opinion that under Article 70 read with Entry 16 of Part I of the Federal Legislative List and the Constitutional Amendments, both the Ordinances are fully protected and shall remain operative unless repealed .. and so long both the Ordinances are holding the field, the Basic Education Community Schools providing informal education to the backward classes or the areas shall continue to function ….. therefore, the project of Basic Education Community Schools cannot be closed down.


The Prime Minister of Pakistan, in pursuance of the judgment of Supreme Court of Pakistan, in a meeting held on 19th December, 2011, approved in principle, continuation of Basic Education Community Schools Project, (BECS) Project. Cabinet Sub-Committee on Regularization of contract employees has already approved the regularization of BECS employees on 27th Feb, 2013.

Establishment of Non-Formal Basic Education Community Schools (BECS) for out of school children is an innovative initiative taken by Pakistan. The Ministry of Federal Education & Professional Training, Government of Pakistan through Directorate General of Basic education Community Schools is running the nation-wide Non-Formal Primary Education Program in all provinces and regions of Pakistan, named as “Establishment and Operation of Basic Education Community Schools in the Country” (BECS).

As per Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, provision of basic education is a fundamental responsibility of the state: Article 37 (b) of the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan clearly describes the importance of education and the responsibilities of the state as free and compulsory education up to secondary level is the constitutional obligation of the state.

Article 25-A, added in the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan through the 18th Constitutional Amendment, identifies the education as one of the fundamental rights of the people. Constitution Article 25-A: “The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of five to sixteen years of age in such manner as may be determined by law.”

As a follow up of Article 25-A, the Parliament has passed the “Right to free and compulsory Education Act, 2012”, which not only declares education as a fundamental right, but provides penalties for non-compliance.

Basic Education Community Schools - Every Child in School

Main objective of BECS Project is to Strengthen non-formal approach to supplement formal education, for eradication of illiteracy and achievement of Universal Primary Education (UPE) as envisaged by Constitution of Pakistan’s Article 25-A, and in MDGs, by extending free, flexible and modern basic education opportunities to out-of-school children and youth, having no access to formal system of education, especially disadvantaged children, girls and special children, for an equitable society.

Pakistan has designed a National Plan of Action to accelerate implementation strategies which will ensure maximum progress in achieving MDGs education related goals. The National Plan of Action estimates a total of 6.2 million primary aged Out-Of-Schools Children (OOSC) during 2013-16. As per the Plan strategy, 5.1 million children will be enrolled during 2013-16. The issue of remaining 1.1 million children has not been addressed in the Action Plan. As the state is responsible to educate these out of school children and we are legally bound to give them opportunity of getting basic education. Hence it is proposed that the remaining 1.1 million children that have not been included in National Plan of Action may be catered for by Directorate General of Basic Education Community Schools, by establishing additional 36,666 Basic Education Community Schools in addition to the already planned/ allocated 16,891 BECS. Keeping in view the above situation, establishment and operation of Basic Education Community Schools is the best option, due to its mandate, design and through Non-Formal Education system, to make accelerated efforts to achieve the UPE/ MDG targets by educating Out-of-School-Children and increasing literacy rate. It is pertinent to mention here that average cost per student in BECS is Rs.1, 561 (almost six time less) as compared to Rs. 10,142/ of formal public schools system.

In order to make accelerated efforts to achieve the UPE and MDG targets, BECS program is the best option, due to low cost, easy to establish, easy access, gender equality and community ownership.

Banner4Design of Basic Education Community Schools (BECS):

  • Free Education in Basic Education Commuity Schools
  • The BECS Schools are based on Non-Formal basic education system having a single teacher, single home based room for school (Class KG to V)
  • The premises is provided free of cost by the community.
  • BECS teachers preferably local female teachers teach students in mother tongue of the students and community own these schools.
  • In each BECS School, 25-30 learners of age group 4-12 years are mandatory. Single teacher is responsible for all the classes of the school by adopting multi-grade teaching methods; based on formal school curriculum
  • The teachers’ honorarium @ Rs. 5000/-, utility charges @ Rs. 1000/-
  • Teaching Learning Material and free text books are provided by the Government
  • At the end of grade five, formal sector conducts examination and allows admission in grade six in formal schools
  • Age 4-9 to cover curriculum in five years
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